A world-renowned Swedish plant biochemist, Professor Bertil Andersson is a pioneer of photosynthesis research who has authored more than 300 papers.
As President NTU, he has led it to become ranked as the world’s best young university that is also ranked 13th globally.
Previously, Chief Executive of the European Science Foundation, Rector of Linköping University, as well as Chairman of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry and a Trustee of the Nobel Foundation he also serves on the boards of international foundations, societies and public agencies.
He was instrumental in developing the First and Second World Conferences on Research Integrity.
Boris Barbour is a CNRS researcher in neuroscience working at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. He studies the cerebellum, a brain region that helps us to learn and execute fast coordinated movements, and is currently trying to identify the network implementations of algorithms underlying motor learning. Long frustrated by the difficulties of discussing published work, he was excited when his colleague Brandon Stell launched PubPeer, a web site enabling online discussion of publications, and rapidly joined its organisation. He currently contributes to strategy, moderation, blogging and public speaking on behalf of the site.
Daniel Barr is Manager - Integrity, Ethics and Biosafety at Deakin University, Australia where he leads policy, process improvement, and education in research integrity. Dan also provides advice for research integrity investigations. Dan’s work in research integrity has resulted in the implementation of innovative policies and training programs that facilitate responsible research. In recognition of his skills as an educator, Dan was awarded an Honorary Academic position at the University of Melbourne and is an Accredited Training Fellow of the Australasian Research Management Society.
On 19 May 1998 Jet Bussemaker became a member of the House of Representatives for the Labour Party (PvdA). Her portfolio included social affairs and tax policy. On 22 February 2007 she was appointed State Secretary for Health, Welfare and Sport in the fourth Balkenende government. On 1 March 2011 she joined the Executive Board of the University of Amsterdam and the Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. She has also been a crown-appointed member of the Social and Economic Council (SER). On 5 November 2012 Dr Bussemaker was appointed Minister of Education, Culture and Science in the Rutte-Asscher government.
José van Dijck
José van Dijck is President of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and distinguished university professor of Media Studies at the University of Utrecht. Her work covers a wide range of topics in media theory, media technologies, social media, and digital culture. Van Dijck served as Chair of the Department of Media Studies from 2002-2006, and was the Dean of the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Amsterdam between 2008 and 2012. Her visiting appointments include the Annenberg School for Communication (Philadelphia), MIT, Georgia Tech, and the University of Technology in Sydney.
The law is a blunt instrument for changing behaviour and improving professional standards. However, it can exercise a deterrent effect. That is a key aspect of both the criminal law and tort law. This paper will review whether there is a need for the criminal law to take a firm stand against those who obtain financial advantage by deception that they perpetrate in their research. It will identify important decisions in the United States, the United Kingdom, Korea and Australia where persons who have fabricated their research have been criminally prosecuted and it will contrast cases in The Netherlands and Japan where they have not. In so doing it will reflect on when it may be constructive for criminal charges to be preferred and for stern sentences to be imposed to dissuade forms of conduct that are inimical to the ethical conduct of research. The paper will also scrutinise the potential for "qui tam" actions to be brought by "victims" of research misconduct, as in the United States, in part to secure them compensation and in part to encourage others who know about problematic conduct in research to come forward and provide information to regulators. It will evaluate whether this is an initiative which should be replicated in other jurisdictions.
Ian Freckelton is an experienced Queen's Counsel with a practice as a barrister throughout Australia. He is also a Professorial Fellow of Law and Psychiatry at the University of Melbourne and an Adjunct Professor of Law and Forensic Medicine at Monash University in Australia. He has sat on a number of disciplinary tribunals. He is the Editor of the Journal of Law and Medicine and the Editor-in-Chief of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. Professor Freckelton is the author of over 40 books and more than 500 peer reviewed articles. His most recent book is Scholarly Misconduct (OUP, 2016).
Head of Post-Award and Evaluation with the Health Research Board, Ireland.
Chaired Working Group of ESF Forum on Research Integrity (RI), is an active member of the European Network of RI Offices (ENRIO) and chairs the Science Europe Working Group on RI.
Chaired the ALLEA PWG Sub-Group that revised the European Code of Conduct for RI.
Influential in raising awareness of RI issues in Ireland since 2008. Instrumental in establishing a National RI Forum of key stakeholders, engaging other RFOs and RPOs and developing a national RI framework for broad adoption.
Key contributor to the European Competitiveness Council conclusions on RI.
John P.A. Ioannidis, MD, DSc (born in New York in 1965) is the C.F. Rehnborg Chair in Disease Prevention; Professor of Medicine, and of Health Research and Policy at the School of Medicine; Professor of Statistics at the School of Humanities and Sciences; co-Director of the Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS); and Director of the PhD program in Epidemiology and Clinical Research at Stanford University in the USA. He is one of the most-cited scientists currently with over 2,000 new citations to his work in the scientific literature per month.
Allison C. Lerner assumed the duties as Inspector General of the National Science Foundation (NSF) in April 2009. As head of the Office of Inspector General she recommends policies for promoting economy, efficiency and effectiveness of NSF programs and operations. She leads efforts to prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse; improve the integrity of NSF programs and operations; and investigate allegations of misconduct in science. Prior to becoming Inspector General at NSF, Ms. Lerner served in leadership positions at the Department of Commerce, including Counsel to the Inspector General.
In January 2015, Ms. Lerner was appointed to serve as Vice Chairperson for the Council of Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency (CIGIE). The Council is an independent Federal entity whose mission is to address integrity, economy, and effectiveness issues that transcend individual Government agencies. To accomplish its mission, CIGIE continually identifies, reviews, and discusses areas of vulnerability in Federal programs and operations with respect to fraud, waste, and abuse.
Ms. Lerner has received several national awards for excellence. Ms. Lerner received her law degree and her undergraduate degree from the University of Texas.
Professor Stephan Lewandowsky is a cognitive scientist at the University of Bristol. He was an Australian Professorial Fellow from 2007 to 2012, and was awarded a Discovery Outstanding Researcher Award from the Australian Research Council in 2011. He held a Revesz Visiting Professorship at the University of Amsterdam in 2012, and received a Wolfson Research Merit Award from the Royal Society upon moving to the UK in 2013. His research examines people's memory, decision making, and knowledge structures, with a particular emphasis on how people update information in memory. His most recent research interests examine the potential conflict between human cognition and the physics of the global climate, which has led him into research in climate science and climate modeling. He has published around 150 scholarly articles, chapters, and books, including numerous papers on how people respond to corrections of misinformation and what variables determine people’s acceptance of scientific findings. (See www.cogsciwa.com for a complete list of scientific publications.)
Professor Lewandowsky is an award-winning teacher and was Associate Editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition from 2006-2008. His research has been funded continuously since 1990 by public agencies in 5 countries. He has also contributed nearly 50 opinion pieces to the global media on issues related to climate change "skepticism" and the coverage of science in the media. He is currently serving as Digital Content Editor for the Psychonomic Society and blogs routinely on cognitive research at www.psychonomic.org. He was recently appointed a fellow of the Center for Skeptical Inquiry for his commitment to science, rational inquiry and public education.
Brian Nosek is co-founder and Executive Director of the Center for Open Science (http://cos.io) which operates the Open Science Framework (http://osf.io/). COS is enabling open, transparent and reproducible research practices worldwide.
Nosek is also a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Virginia. He received his Ph.D. from Yale University in 2002. He co-founded Project Implicit (http://projectimplicit.net/), an Internet-based multi-university collaboration between research and education investigating implicit cognition--thoughts and feelings that exist outside of our awareness or control.
Nosek investigates the gap between values and practices, such as when behavior is influenced by factors other than one's intentions and goals. Research applications of this interest are implicit bias,decisionmaking, attitudes, ideology, morality, and barriers to change. Nosek applies this scientific research to improve the alignment between personal and organizational values and practices. In 2015, he was named one of Nature's 10 and to the Chronicle for Higher
Education Influence List.
Helga Nowotny is the Former President of the European Research Council, ERC, and Professor emerita of Science and Technology Studies at ETH Zurich. Currently she is Nanyang Technological University Visiting Professor, Chair of the ERA Council Forum Austria, member of the Council for Research and Technology advising the Austrian government and Vice-President of the Council for the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings. Among other, Helga Nowotny is Foreign Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and other Academies of Science in Europe. She has received doctorates honoris causa from universities across Europe and the Weizmann Institute of Science.
Naledi Pandor is South Africa’s Minister of Science and Technology. A life of exile from 1961 until 1984 resulted in an international flavour to her education. She holds a BA from the University of Botswana and Swaziland and an MA in Education from the University of London. In 1992 she studied for a Diploma in Higher Education, Administration and Leadership at Bryn Mawr in the USA. In 1997 she completed an MA in Linguistics at the University of Stellenbosch and a Diploma in Leadership in Development at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard, while she was serving as an MP. She became an MP in 1994 and has amassed impressive experience in positions of public office, including deputy chief whip of the ANC in the National Assembly from 1995 to 1998, deputy chairperson of the National Council of Provinces in 1998, and its Chairperson from 1999-2004. Her experience in education policy planning made her a welcome appointment as South Africa’s Minister of Education from 2004-2009. She was appointed Minister of Science and Technology in May 2009, and Minister of Home Affairs in October 2012. She was again appointed as Minister of Science and Technology in May 2014 following the 5th democratic elections in South Africa. The Cape Peninsula University of Technology and Stellenbosch University have awarded her honorary doctorates.
Mai Har Sham
Professor Sham is the Associate Vice President (Research) of the University of Hong Kong. She assists the university senior management team in developing the University’s research in Hong Kong and mainland China, research integrity policy and education, as well as postgraduate education profile.
Professor Sham obtained her PhD in Biochemistry from the University of Cambridge. She received her postdoctoral training in Developmental Genetics in the National Institute for Medical Research in London, U.K., before joining the University of Hong Kong. She served as Assistant Dean (Research) and Head of the Department of Biochemistry in the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine. She is currently Convener of the Research Cluster of Developmental and Stem Cell Biology in the School of Biomedical Sciences in the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong. As a developmental geneticist, Professor Sham leads a research team focuses on the molecular mechanisms of mammalian development and mouse models of human congenital disorders. Her research programmes cover areas of gene regulation in development, molecular control of neural crest differentiation, genetic bases and mutant mouse models of human diseases, and neural stem cells.
Klaas Sijtsma is a Full Professor in Methods and Techniques of Psychological Research at Tilburg University, The Netherlands. His area of interest covers all issues related to the measurement of psychological attributes by means of tests and questionnaires. He has co-authored two monographs on psychometrics, and published approximately 200 papers and chapters on reliability and validity, item response theory, missing data and outlier problems, and other topics. In 2011, he was appointed dean of the School of Social and Behavioral Sciences at Tilburg University, where he had to deal with the consequences of a huge data fraud affair, caused by psychologist Diederik Stapel.
Robert-Jan Smits is Director-General of DG Research and Innovation (RTD) at the European Commission. In this capacity he is responsible for defining and implementing the EU policy and programmes in the field of research and innovation (average annual budget 8 billion euro). He has received several recognitions and awards for his contribution to European Science and innovation, including an honorary degree from Edinburgh University and a life-time achievements award from EuroScience. Mr Smits was born in The Netherlands. He has degrees from Utrecht University in The Netherlands, Institut Universitaire d’Hautes Etudes Internationales in Switzerland and Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy in the United States of America.
Vinod Subramaniam (b. 1967) has served as Rector Magnificus and member of the Executive Board of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam since 1 September 2015. The focus of his portfolio is on creating the ideal conditions for excellence in research and education. Vinod Subramaniam studied electrical engineering at Cornell University. He received his PhD in 1996 from the University of Michigan (USA) in applied physics, based on his dissertation on the use of laser spectroscopy for protein folding research. Later he was affiliated with the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen (Germany) and in 2002 he became a senior researcher with AstraZeneca in the UK. In 2004 he was appointed professor at the University of Twente. He was also scientific director of MIRA, the University of Twente’s Institute for Biomedical Technology and Technical Medicine, which focuses on the interplay between research (basic and applied), practice (clinical base and demand) and entrepreneurial spirit. Professor Subramaniam was appointed Director of the FOM Institute AMOLF in Amsterdam in September 2013.
Sowmya Swaminathan is Head of Editorial Policy, Nature and Nature Journals, at Springer Nature, overseeing the development of editorial policies, including in the areas of research integrity and reproducibility, for the Nature group of journals. Prior to her current position, Sowmya was at Nature Cell Biology for 13 years serving as Chief Editor from 2009 onward. As Chief Editor, she was responsible for developing content strategy, evolving and implementing editorial policy, processes at workflows at the journal.
She obtained her PhD from the University of Chicago and subsequently carried out postdoctoral research at the Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry in Martinsreid, Germany.
Dr. Tabak is the Principal Deputy Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He is the primary advisor to NIH Director on all mission-related and organizational issues and serves as the acting director when the NIH director is unavailable. Previously, Dr. Tabak served as the acting principal deputy director of NIH (2009), and prior to that as director of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, NIH, from 2000-10.
Throughout his NIH career, Dr. Tabak has provided leadership for trans-NIH activities, including the NIH Roadmap effort to support team science; the NIH Director’s initiative to enhance peer-- review; the NIH’s implementation of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act; the NIH reorganization resulting in the formation of a new center (The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences); the NIH-wide effort to enhance the rigor and reproducibility of science; and a trans-NIH team responsible for developing a 5-year Strategic Plan for the Agency. Dr. Tabak chaired working groups of the Advisory Committee to the Director of NIH on the Diversity of the Biomedical Research Workforce and on Information Technology and Informatics.
Prior to joining NIH, Dr. Tabak was the senior associate dean for research and professor of dentistry and biochemistry & biophysics in the School of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Rochester in New York. A former NIH MERIT recipient, Dr. Tabak’s major research focus has been on the structure, biosynthesis and function of glycoproteins. He continues work
in this area, maintaining an active research laboratory within the NIH intramural program in addition to his administrative duties.
Dr. Tabak is an elected member the National Academy of Medicine (formerly the IOM) of the U.S. National Academies. He received his undergraduate degree from the City College of New York, his D.D.S. from Columbia University, and a Ph.D. from the State University of New York at Buffalo.
As Northwestern University’s vice president for research, Jay Walsh, oversees the development and implementation of university-wide research-related strategic plans and the research infrastructure that supports an annual research budget exceeding half a billion dollars.
Walsh is a professor of biomedical engineering. He earned his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in electrical engineering from MIT and a doctorate degree in medical engineering from the joint Harvard-MIT Medical Engineering program. Walsh’s early research on laser-tissue interactions provides the scientific foundation for many laser-based medical procedures. Walsh serves on several boards including the Board of Governors at Argonne National Laboratory.